This category hosts courses and materials for theoretical linguistics beyond mere introductory courses.

The collection of these linguistic OER modules, where each module approximates the content of 90 minutes in class teaching can be freely combined to linguistic fundamental courses, such as "Introduction to Linguistics for BA students", "Introduction to linguistics for teacher students etc.

Just let the VLC developmental team know which modules you want to combine für your personalized LIN101 (Linguistics Fundamentals) variant.

This course introduces students to the basic concepts underlying the production, perception, and physics of speech. It is subdivided into three parts:

  1. A general survey of articulatory phonetics
  2. A short introduction to auditory phonetics
  3. A discussion of the most important physical aspects of speech and the most widely used experimental techniques.

Since many universities confine their curriculum to articulatory phonetics, this part is given maximum attention in the course.

The modules in this repository introduce various topics related to the study of meaning:

  • Word Semantics - How words relate to the world and to other words of a language
  • Sentence Semantics - How the meanings of sentences can be specified
  • Pragmatics - How people use language and with what effects
  • Meaning Acquisition - How children learn the meanings of words
  • Computational Semantics - How machines handle meaning
  • Cognitive Semantics - How meaning relates to the cognitive abilities of humans
  • Historical Semantics - How meanings change over time

Morphology is the study of the smallest meaningful elements in language. The goal of this course is to introduce the basic morphological concepts that are used to describe and explain the internal structure of words in a cross-linguistic fashion. What is special about Arabic or Hindi plural formation, how are concepts of vowel harmony applied to languages such as Finnish or Hungarian, does Mandarin Chinese inflect its words at all?

This course will take a critical look at the theoretical notions that have been developed to account for these and other phenomena encountered in word structure. We will apply these notions to the analysis of as many languages as possible inlcuding the methods of linguistic fieldwork using the fieldwork classes of the Virtual Linguistics Campus.


This course is meant to introduce students who want to become teachers of English to general aspects of phonetic description and to the special challenges of the sound system of English. It consists of two parts:

  1. Central concepts in phonetics
  2. English phonology

Special emphasis will be put on transcription skills as well as on contrastive analyses between English and a selected 2nd language..

The purpose of this course is to familiarize students with the main aspects of syntax in general and the structural properties of English syntax in particular.

The following topics will be discussed:

  • types of grammar
  • phrase structure
  • principles of syntactic argumentation
  • variants of generative grammar
  • the structure of sentences in English

The purpose of this course is to familiarize students with the main aspects of syntax in general and the structural properties of English syntax in particular.

The following topics will be discussed:

  • types of grammar
  • phrase structure grammar
  • the role of transformations
  • constraints on movement
  • unification

This repository/course covers the history of the English language from its remote Indo-European origins (and even before) to the present day.

It provides substantial information about the English language at different periods and introduces the main theoretical and technical concepts of historical linguistics, taking into account recent work in historical and general linguistics. To satisfy the needs of the current secondary school curriculum in many countries, its main focus, however, is Early Modern English.

Special emphasis will be put on practical aspects, such as, reading and the analysis of texts taken from different periods of English.

This course/repository discusses the most important theoretical foundations of phonology using as many languages (from the VLC language index) as possible. In particular the following topics will be covered:

  • phonological units
  • phonological theory
  • comparative phonology

The initial units provide an overview of the underlying concepts of phonetics.